Oncology Topic Homepage

Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Globally, at least 913,000 people are diagnosed with prostate cancer each year, accounting for 13.8% of new cancer cases in men. Of these approximately 385,500 new cases were identified in 2008 in Europe alone, making prostate cancer a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Europe.1 

The Prostate Cancer Knowledge Centre is an interactive resource which aims to provide healthcare professionals, including oncologists, with the latest information in the field of prostate cancer (PCa). With information on epidemiology, detection and the available treatment and management options for hormone-sensitive and castration-resistant prostate cancer, this is a must-view resource for oncologists who are involved in the management of men with prostate cancer. 


References

  1. Ferlay J, Shin H-R, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C, Parkin DM. Estimates of worldwide burden of cancer in 2008: GLOBOCAN 2008. Int J Cancer 2010;127(12):2893–2917.

 

Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Soft Tissue Sarcomas (STS) are malignant (cancerous) tumors that develop in tissues which connect, support, or surround other structures and organs of the body. Muscles, tendons (bands of fiber that connect muscles to bones), fibrous tissues, fat, blood vessels, nerves, and synovial tissues are types of soft tissue.

Management of soft tissue sarcoma depends on the stage of disease and histological subtype.1 Surgery is the mainstay of treatment for patients with localised disease and is often curative. However, as recurrence is likely to occur when tumour cells remain after surgery, adjuvant radiotherapy is often also considered, especially for patients with intermediate or high-grade tumours. Radiotherapy, uses high energy rays to help cure cancers, is also often administered for patients in whom surgery is inappropriate or who decline surgery.1

For soft tissue sarcomas, the specialist healthcare professional may recommend radiotherapy to shrink sarcomas before surgery, help stop the sarcoma returning after surgery, to help slow the growth rate of advanced sarcomas and help relieve symptoms.

Discover classification of sarcomas by histopathology, look at prevalence and more by visiting the The Soft Tissue Sarcoma Knowledge Centre.


References

  1. . Clark MA, Fisher C et al. (2005) “Soft-tissue sarcomas in adults.” N Engl JMed 353(7): 701–11.

Clinical Case Studies

Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC)

Respiratory Medicine & Allergy: Lung Cancer

Oni Choudhury, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
Richard Leach, Consultant Respiratory Physicians, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

Case History
A 62-year-old woman presented with a 2-3-month history of breathlessness, non-productive cough, weight loss, lethargy and ankle oedema. Her exercise tolerance was limited to 50 yards by breathlessness.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Respiratory Medicine & Allergy: Lung Cancer

Suma Kumar, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
Richard Leach, Consultant Respiratory Physicians, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

Case History
A 68-year-old man presented with a four-week history of left-sided, dull, aching chest pain. He had known ischaemic heart disease, previous coronary artery bypass grafting, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and treated duodenal ulceration.

Medical Videos

Surviving Advanced Breast Cancer
Surviving Advanced Breast Cancer
New Developments in the Treatment of Breast Cancer
New Developments in the Treatment of Breast Cancer
Eribulin Trial Success
Eribulin Trial Success
Metastatic Breast Cancer - A Patient's View of Various Treatments Including Eribulin
Metastatic Breast Cancer - A Patient's View of Various Treatments Including Eribulin
An Overview of Pancreatic NET and the Available Treatments
An Overview of Pancreatic NET and the Available Treatments
Cancer Vaccines- Dr. Kelvin Lee
Cancer Vaccines- Dr. Kelvin Lee
HPV Vaccine
HPV Vaccine
Discussion of a Paper that found Tumor-Derived Vaccine Improves Survival in Follicular Lymphoma
Discussion of a Paper that found Tumor-Derived Vaccine Improves Survival in Follicular Lymphoma
An Animation Explaining the Development of Lymphoma
An Animation Explaining the Development of Lymphoma

Recent Drug Updates

Medical Images

Hematoxylin and eosin stain
Hematoxylin and eosin stain
Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC)
Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC)
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Clinical Guidelines

British HIV Association guidelines for HIV-associated malignancies 2014

Feb 2014

The overall purpose of these guidelines is to provide guidance on best clinical practice in the..

... treatment and management of adults with HIV infection and malignancy. The scope includes the management of diagnosed malignancies in people living with HIV but does not address screening for malignancies in this population. This is covered elsewhere in other BHIVA guidance where evidence is available to support it

Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of Multiple Myeloma 2014

Feb 2014

The objective of this guideline is to provide healthcare professionals with clear guidance on the..

... diagnosis and management of patients with multiple myeloma

Online CME

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia

Apr 2013
... adults in the Western world. About three quarters of patients diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia are over 55 years old. The diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia is often incidental, so it is important to consider it in older patients. Molecular profiling of the disease with immunophenotyping and cytogenetic analysis can provide important prognostic information, as well as informing treatment decisions. Although most patients eventually need treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, they may be in the care of their general practitioners with stable disease for many years before treatment becomes necessary. It is important to be aware of the course of the disease, as well as the possible complications.

A Clinical Review of Radionuclide Therapy in Prostate Cancer

Nov 2013
... urologists, and nuclear medicine specialists. The goal of this activity is to provide a foundational overview of the role of radionuclide therapy in the treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to: Compare and contrast alpha and beta radionuclide therapy for mCRPC in terms of their mechanisms of action, safety, efficacy, and impact on patient outcomes, summarize the clinical safety and efficacy data of radionuclide therapy for the treatment and management of patients with mCRPC and identify when targeted radionuclide therapy is an appropriate treatment option for patients with CRPC and how it should be incorporated into the CRPC treatment paradigm

Clinical Trials

Multicenter Study Comparing Taxotere Plus Curcumin Versus Taxotere Plus Placebo Combination in First-line Treatment of Prostate Cancer Metastatic Castration Resistant (CURTAXEL)

20-03-2014

Multicenter randomized phase II study, double-blind, comparing Taxotere plus curcumin versus Taxotere plus placebo combination in first-line treatment of prostate cancer metastatic castration resistant. Assess time to progression (time to progression) of metastatic disease (from first day of treatment in the trial).

Trial of Superiority of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy in Patients With Breast Cancer (STEREO-SEIN)

13-03-2014

The previous reported phase I study allows us to prospectively define the optimal total dose in different metastatic locations (88). However, several questions are still unanswered such as the adequate timing of the stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in oligometastatic disease. Indeed, there are two different..

... oligometastatic states: "de novo", i.e. occurring at first metastatic presentation without any previous systemic therapy; and "secondary", defined as residual disease after systemic treatment. The investigators wish to prospectively study the role of metastases SBRT with curative intent in de novo oligometastatic disease. This clinical trial would be the first randomized study studying SBRT at onset of the metastatic disease. If this trial shows a PFS improvement, it will definitively change the standard of treatment and it will highlight SBRT as a key treatment of metastatic disease. It will confirm the oligometastasis hypothesis as well as the Simon Norton hypothesis (92).
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