Disease Background

High Risk Groups

Those at high risk of being infected with HCV are:

Those at slightly increased risk include:

With the exception of sexual partners, the use of good hygiene (not sharing toothbrushes, razors, etc) makes the risk of transmission between family members negligible.

References:
1.  National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference Statement: Management of hepatitis C; June 10-12, 2002. Hepatology 2002;36 (5 Suppl 1):S3-20.
2. Shepard CW, Finelli L, Alter MJ. Global epidemiology of hepatitis C virus infection. Lancet Infect Dis 2005;5(9):558-67.
3.Mathei C, Buntinx F, van Damme P. Seroprevalence of hepatitis C markers among intravenous drug users in western European countries: a systematic review. J Viral Hepat 2002;9(3):157-73.
4. National Center for Infectious Diseases. National Hepatitis C Prevention Strategy. 2006.
5. Initiative for Vaccine Research, Viral Cancers, Hepatitis C. World Health Organization, 2006. (Accessed January, 2007, at http://www.who.int/.)
6. Miller MA, Pisani E. The cost of unsafe injections. Bull World Health Organ 1999;77(10):808-11.

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