Disease Background

High Risk Groups

Those at high risk of being infected with HCV are:

Those at slightly increased risk include:

With the exception of sexual partners, the use of good hygiene (not sharing toothbrushes, razors, etc) makes the risk of transmission between family members negligible.

1.  National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference Statement: Management of hepatitis C; June 10-12, 2002. Hepatology 2002;36 (5 Suppl 1):S3-20.
2. Shepard CW, Finelli L, Alter MJ. Global epidemiology of hepatitis C virus infection. Lancet Infect Dis 2005;5(9):558-67.
3.Mathei C, Buntinx F, van Damme P. Seroprevalence of hepatitis C markers among intravenous drug users in western European countries: a systematic review. J Viral Hepat 2002;9(3):157-73.
4. National Center for Infectious Diseases. National Hepatitis C Prevention Strategy. 2006.
5. Initiative for Vaccine Research, Viral Cancers, Hepatitis C. World Health Organization, 2006. (Accessed January, 2007, at http://www.who.int/.)
6. Miller MA, Pisani E. The cost of unsafe injections. Bull World Health Organ 1999;77(10):808-11.

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The Hepatitis Knowledge Centre contains comprehensive disease background, management and treatment information about both hepatitis B and hepatitis C.

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