Gait & Posture
Compressive tibiofemoral force during crouch gaitCrouch gait, a common walking pattern in individuals with cerebral palsy, is characterized by excessive flexion of the hip and knee. Many subjects with crouch gait experience knee pain, perhaps because of elevated muscle forces and joint loading. The goal of this study was to examine how muscle forces and compressive..
Do Weight-bearing Films Affect Decision Making in Hallux Valgus Surgery?Hallux valgus is a complex deformity of the first ray and forefoot that can be surgically treated using different procedures and osteotomies. Preoperative planning includes anteroposterior and lateral plain films. The effect of weight-bearing on the results of the standardized measurements is still the subject of..
A comparative study of bone shortening and bone loss with use of saw blades versus burr in hallux valgus surgery
Foot and Ankle Surgery
A comparative study of bone shortening and bone loss with use of saw blades versus burr in hallux valgus surgeryBackground: The aim of this study was to assess bone loss and thickness of the cut with the use of a burr in percutaneous hallux valgus surgery. Methods: Twelve blocks of saw bone were used. Cuts of same depth were made in each block with two different saw blades and a burr. Each block was assessed for bone loss and..
Radiofrequency Thermoneurolysis for the Treatment of Morton’s NeuromaPedal neuroma is a common disorder. The authors undertook a review of 32 feet in 29 patients with a symptomatic neuroma treated between January 2007 and January 2010 to evaluate the effectiveness of radiofrequency thermoneurolysis therapy in alleviating symptoms. Overall relief of symptoms was rated as complete by 24..
A Retrospective Analysis of Lesser Metatarsophalangeal Joint Fusion as a Treatment Option for Hammertoe Pathology Associated with Metatarsophalangeal Joint Instability
A Retrospective Analysis of Lesser Metatarsophalangeal Joint Fusion as a Treatment Option for Hammertoe Pathology Associated with Metatarsophalangeal Joint InstabilityComplex hammer digit deformity is commonly associated with instability of the metatarsophalangeal joint. Restoring joint stability is critical for digit alignment and function and can be challenging and unpredictable. Lesser metatarsophalangeal joint fusion might be an alternative treatment to the current soft tissue..
Incorporation of Bovine-based Structural Bone Grafts Used in Reconstructive Foot SurgeryTimely incorporation of bone grafts is essential to the structural rigidity in most foot and ankle surgeries. Although bovine-based xenografts possess some of the key features necessary for foot and ankle surgery, the studies evaluating the efficacy of these grafts are limited. The aim of the present study was to..
Stress Fracture of the First Metatarsal in a Fencer: Typical Appearance on Bone Scan and Pinhole Imaging
Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Stress Fracture of the First Metatarsal in a Fencer: Typical Appearance on Bone Scan and Pinhole ImagingStress fractures in the feet of athletes seldom involve the first metatarsal, with few documented case reports. We report a case of stress fracture in the base of the first metatarsal in a professional fencer with the typical scintigraphic appearance of a fracture line clearly demonstrated by selective pinhole imaging...
Effectiveness of intra-articular hyaluronan (Synvisc, hylan G-F 20) for the treatment of first metatarsophalangeal joint osteoarthritis: a randomised placebo-controlled trial
Annuals of Rheumatic Diseases
Effectiveness of intra-articular hyaluronan (Synvisc, hylan G-F 20) for the treatment of first metatarsophalangeal joint osteoarthritis: a randomised placebo-controlled trialObjectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of a single intra-articular injection of hylan G-F 20 (Synvisc) for symptomatic first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: Participants (n = 151) with symptomatic first MTPJ OA were randomly allocated to receive up to 1 ml intra-articular injection of..
Gravitational force modulates muscle activity during mechanical oscillation of the tibia in humansMechanical oscillation (vibration) is an osteogenic stimulus for bone in animal models and may hold promise as an anti-osteoporosis measure in humans with spinal cord injury (SCI). However, the level of reflex induced muscle contractions associated with various loads (g force) during limb segment oscillation is..